Until the mid-2000s, an individual would seldom associated the term “high tech” with the nation of Kazakhstan. Internet penetration hovered at 3 percent in 2005, and Kazakh authorities normally neglected the web and social websites.
Liberalisation of this media marketplace in the early 2000s transformed that. Utilization of new media raised the amount of net providers and sparked e-commerce. After the authorities, under president Nursutan Nazarbayev, accountable since the conclusion of the Soviet Union, started to find the net as a new highway for financial growth, its own belief in electronic technology climbed.
From 2013, the proportion of net users had climbed to 54 percent. The growth of the Kazakh government’s connection with the net over that exact same interval is an illustrative narrative of how national-level digitisation can bring government closer to its people and undermine undemocratic regimes.
Authoritarianism And The World Wide Web
Authoritarian governments traditionally reinforce their energy by infiltrating inhabitants with state propaganda. But in the online age, old-school manipulation of social networking and business of state-sponsored cultural and sports events are becoming less effective in controlling public opinion.
Choice online sources of data have swallowed popular cynicism and disbelief in the central authorities and state-controlled news outlets. https://www.bilikbola.net/tutorial/
In the previous ten decades, the percentage of men and women using internet for informational and educational purposes has significantly improved. Kazakh net users have ceased relying solely on national news resources to comprehend the present state of national affairs, hearing and reading tales online from overseas sources rather.
Another contentious issue was about the Kazakh government’s covert discussions with the Chinese authorities concerning property rental.
Boring and unwelcoming official sites of country organisations underwent a significant face lift. The goal was to alter public perception of government because of an overly bureaucratic, unaccountable and inefficient body.
From 2012 Kazakhstan was sharing second position (along with Singapore) at a global evaluation of taxpayers “e-participation” denoting simplicity of accessibility to public services.
Social networking, it became evident, could be a powerful instrument to mobilise dissent and perform moves directed at dismantling authoritarian governments.
In Kazakhstan however, police were quite confident the Colour Revolution virus could not attain its boundaries. They had been wrong.
The Zhanaozen massacre caused the government restricting press liberty and heightening charge of the digital public space.
Throughout the May 21, 2016 nationally anti-land reform protests, by way of instance, taxpayers reported difficulty getting popular social networking platforms and Google. Obviously, neither authorities nor major telecommunications firms like Beeline, Kcell and Kazakhtelecom connected net outages to protests they mentioned technical issues.
State monopolisation of the net was coupled with developing government participation in social networking. Some politicians and say figures moved beyond mere site upkeep to open balances on major social networks. The #Almaty city authorities established Instagram and Twitter accounts in September 2015, apparently directed at enhancing government’s remarks mechanism with taxpayers.
And through the president AkOrdaPress Facebook accounts, any citizen of Kazakhstan could compose a letter to president. Examples such as these of state participation in social websites were perceived by culture.
A Silent Acceptance
However, the lack of any substantial public resistance to the clampdown on media freedom suggests that individuals partly purchase into state propaganda asserting that such steps are required to maintain stability and peace in Kazakhstan.
So is social networking friend or foe into the Kazakh authorities? The truth is that it is both. When used since it’s in democratic nations, the world wide web is obviously a critical danger to the success of Kazakhstan’s authoritarian regime.
However, Kazakhstan learned from the errors of additional ex-authoritarian post-Soviet states. Its social media laws and internet activity monitoring have been able to restrain the “enemy that you don’t understand”. And by introducing e-government state services portal site and participating with components via social networking, the Kazakh government is attempting to improve citizens’ satisfaction and confidence with authorities.
Usurping the majority of the people’s chances to anonymously exchange and access information, the program has removed most expect that social websites may regain its guarantee of enabling citizens against authoritarianism. Few, if any, are prepared to risk their welfare using the web to get anti-governmental pursuits.